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The Lebaniego jubilee year

The Lebaniego jubilee year El año jubilar Lebaniego_IMAGEN-AÑO-JUBIÑAR

The Lebaniego Holy year begun to be celebrated in the 16th century, after the Pope July II accorded in 1512 to give the Monastery of Saint Toribio the privilege of the celebration of the Jubilee year, which made this monastery an important center of pilgrimage and one of the most important holy places in Europe at that time.1

WHAT IS IT?

The Lebaniego Holy year begun to be celebrated in the 16th century, after the Pope July II  accorded  in 1512 to give the Monastery of Saint Toribio the privilege of the celebration of the Jubilee year, which made this monastery an important center of pilgrimage and one of the most important holy places in Europe at that time.

In the Jubilee year, the Monastery would allow the redemption and forgiveness to any person visiting or doing a pilgrimage to the Monastery, what is fact  known as plenary indulgence.


WHY IS SO IMPORTANT THE MONASTERY OF SAINT TORIBIO.

The importance of this monastery is due to the fact that it safeguards the Lignum Crucis, the larger kept piece of the cross of Christ (this relic was brought in the middle ages by Toribio of Astorga from Holy Land). Only Rome, Jerusalem and Santiago de Compostela have the same kind of relic.

The Lebaniego Jubilee year is celebrated each when the 16th of April falls on Sunday (this is the onomastic of Santo Toribio).

There are 7 perpetual years jubilee worldwide, of which four are held in an official way as the Pope ordered in the middle ages. These places are the Holy year in Santiago de Compostela, the Lebaniego Jubilee year of Santo Toribio de Liébana and the Jubilee years of Rome and Jerusalem. The other 3 were recently incorporated.


THE LEBANIEGO WAY

Cantabria is the only region in the Christian world which has two paths of PILGRIMAGE. The pilgrimage to Santo Toribio and path to Santiago de Compostela. In fact, both are connected in the north pilgrimage path to Santiago. Both pilgrimage paths have recently been declared Unesco World Heritage.

On the one hand, there is part of the Santiago Way known as North Path crossing Cantabria. This path runs from Ontón to Unquera, Castro Urdiales, Laredo, Santoña, Santander, Santillana del Mar, Comillas and San Vicente de la Barquera. They are 9 stages linking, at first, to last in the Basque country, Portugalete-Pobeña-Ontón-Castro Urdiales and, in the end, with the first of Asturias, Llanes-Unquera stage.
 
Nowadays, the Santiago Way is having a lot of popularity due to the spectacular beauty of its landscapes. The oldest Way to Santiago, known as Primitive Way goes from Oviedo to Santiago de Compostela, passing through Lugo and takes this north path, starting at Irun. This could be considered as the first wayd that pilgrims used to reach the tomb of the Apostle and it is in fact, the oldest of the Pilgrim routes of pilgrimage.


On the other hand, Cantabria has its own way of pilgrimage, the Jubilee Lebaniego Way. It gets split from the North Way, in Muñorrodero, at 12 km. from San Vicente de la Barquera, and goes to Santo Toribio de Liébana. Since the middle ages, pilgrims of the Lebaniego trail are known as "cruceños", "Pilgrims of the cross" as they came to worship the cross guarded in Santo Toribio de Liébana. They made pilgrimages by Lebaniego Way until reaching the monastery, to worship as well the remains of Santo Toribio of Astorga. The cross and the remains of the Saint healing and miraculous properties have been attributed.

Camino Lebaniego stages are basically:

  • San Vicente de la Barquera > Cades
  • Cades  > Cabañes
  • Cabañes  > Santo Toribio


THE MONASTERY OF SANTO TORIBIO

To understand the history of the monastery, it is important to differentiate between Santo Toribio de Palencia (the monk-founding of the monastery) and Holy Toribio of Astorga (the Bishop whose remains were transferred to the monastery of Santo Toribio to be preservated from the Muslim invasion).

Santo Toribio de Palencia, was a monk of the sixth century who came to Liébana intending to live a simple life in connection with nature and with God.

Santo Toribio of Astorga was a Bishop that was in Jerusalem and was nominated guardian of the relics of Jesus Christ and, with the permission from the Pope, moved the left arm of the cross of Christ to Astorga. This relic as well as his remains, once dead, were of enormous value to Christianity and hence they were moved to Liébana to be save from the impending advance of the invasion of the Muslims.

Over time, the monastery passed from from being held by the Benedictines to belong to the order of the Franciscans, their current inhabitants.

The monastery has a church that was built in 1256 with financial support from the faithful and follows the guidelines of the Gothic monastery of Cistercian influence.

It can be seen in the Church:

  • the door of forgiveness, in the Romanesque style, which opens after the blows of a hammer every Jubilee year.
  • the statue of Santo Toribio of Astorga in wood, Gothic style, previous to the 14th century tradition.
  • Chapel, Baroque style, eighteenth-century, which houses the Lignum Crucis.

The cloister of the monastery of Herrera style, houses an exhibition of miniatures which was accompanied by the comments of the revelation of the Beatus of Liébana. It also houses the hammer which is used to knock three times ont the door of forgiveness to open it.

MASS HOURS (2017- Jubilee Year)

  • Sunday and holidays (up to the feast of El Pilar, October 12th): masses at 10:30 and 12:00 hours
  • Sundays and holidays (from the feast of the pillar, October 12th) : mass at 12:00
  • Every day (until April 22nd, 2018) - Pilgrim Mass at 12:00
  • Up to the saint day of El Pilar (12th October) on Saturday and the day before holiday - mass at 19:00

VISIT HOURS :

  • Summer - from 1st May to 30th September - morning from 10:00 to 13:00 and afternoon from 16:00 to 19:00 hours
  • Winter - from 1st October to 30th April – morning from 10:00 to 13:00 and afternoon from 16:00 to 18:00 hours

If you want more information about the Lebaniego Jubilee Year you can go to the following website which also features a very detailed information on routes, the lodgings, etc...
www.caminolebaniego.com


THE LEBANIEGO WAY IN A DAY?

Enjoy the experience of doing a trail of the Santiago North Way and the Lebaniego Way by doing a short and easy pilgrimage  with one of our organised tours. This is a mixture of tourism and pilgrimage by bus and on foot. Definetively, it is an experience you cannot miss in this Lebaniego Jubilar Year :

http://www.exploringcantabria.com/en/routes-by-cantabria/tours/tours-1-day/pilgrimage-day/3

 

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